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Ass Prof Rachel Wynberg

South Africa Research Chair: Environmental and Social Dimensions of the Bio-economy

Room: 2.25
Tel: 021 650 2865/6/7
Email: Rachel.Wynberg@uct.ac.za

Website: bio-economy.org.za

BSc (Hons) (MSc) (MPhil) (Cape Town) PhD (Strathclyde)

Academic Profile

I hold a DST/NRF Research Chair on Social and Environmental Dimensions of the Bio-economy at the University of Cape Town, where I am associate professor in the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science and Deputy Director of the Environmental Evaluation Unit. I have a background in the natural and social sciences and a strong interest in interdisciplinarity and policy engagement across the humanities, arts and sciences. I am passionate about bridging the gap between the theoretical dimensions of academia and the real world of environmental, social inequality and poverty challenges. Over the past twenty years I have advised governments, civil society organisations and international agencies on biodiversity issues and continue to be actively involved with NGOs in the region, serving on the Boards of Biowatch South Africa, Environmental Monitoring Group, and PhytoTrade Africa. I am also a member of the Expert Committee for the UK government's Darwin Initiative.

Research Interests

My research interests span the arena of biodiversity commercialization, use and benefit sharing; biopolitics; community rights; social justice and environmental governance, with the focus of the Chair comprising four research areas.

  • access and benefit-sharing, bio-discovery and the bio-economy;
  • biodiversity use and trade, indigenous plant use, traditional knowledge, rural livelihoods and poverty alleviation;
  • governance, rights and the bio-economy; and
  • environmental and social impacts of emerging technologies.

Ongoing projects are focused on agroecology, seed and knowledge systems; responsible innovation in the bio-economy; and the commercial use of biodiversity.

Publications

Published Books

  • Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. (eds). 2014. Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability. Lessons across Natural Resources Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Earthscan/Taylor and Francis, London.
  • Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. (eds). 2014. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: Rights, Resources and Livelihoods. UCT Press.
  • Wynberg, R. and Fig, D. 2013. A landmark victory for justice. Biowatch's battle with the South African state and Monsanto. The inside story. ISBN: 978-0-620-55828-0. Biowatch South Africa, Durban. 79pp.
  • Laird, S., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). 2010. Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London. ISBN 9781844075003, 384 pp.
  • Wynberg, R., Schroeder, D. and Chennells, R. (editors). 2009. Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, ISBN: 978-90-481-3122-8, 363 pp.

Published Book Chapters

  • Wynberg, R. and Fig, D. 2014. Realising environmental rights in South Africa. In: Symbols or Substance? Socio-Economic Rights Strategies in South Africa. Edited by M.Langford, B. Cousins, J. Dugard and T. Madlingozi. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 310-341.
  • Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. 2014. Governance, equity and sustainability in sub-Saharan Africa: an introduction to the discourse. In: Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. (eds) Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability. Lessons across Natural Resources Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Earthscan/Taylor and Francis, London, 1-22.
  • Kozanayi, W., Wynberg, R. and Matose, F. 2014. Customary governance of baobab in eastern Zimbabwe: impacts of state-led interventions. In: Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. (eds) Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability. Lessons across Natural Resources Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Earthscan/Taylor and Francis, London, 242-262.
  • Wynberg, R. and van Niekerk, J. 2014. Governance, equity and sustainability in non-timber forest product value chains. In: Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. (eds) Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability. Lessons across Natural Resources Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Earthscan/Taylor and Francis, London, 279-304.
  • Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. 2014. Towards robust governance for justice and environmental sustainability: lessons from natural resource sectors in sub-Saharan Africa. In: Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. (eds) Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability. Lessons across Natural Resources Sectors in Sub-Saharan Africa. Earthscan/Taylor and Francis, London, 333-358.
  • Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. 2014. Sharing benefits from the coast. In: Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. (eds). 2014. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: Rights, Resources and Livelihoods. UCT Press, 1-16.
  • Hauck, M., Mbatha, P. and Wynberg, R. 2014. Coastal communities and livelihoods in South Africa and Mozambique. In: Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. (eds). 2014. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: Rights, Resources and Livelihoods. UCT Press, 17-36.
  • Mbatha, P.and Wynberg, R. 2014. Mining and the myth of benefits in South African rural coastal communities. In: Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. (eds). 2014. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: Rights, Resources and Livelihoods. UCT Press, 67-94.
  • Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. 2014. People, power and the coast: towards an integrated, just and holistic approach. In: Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. (eds). 2014. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: Rights, Resources and Livelihoods. UCT Press, 143-166.
  • Wynberg, R. and Laird, S. 2012. Governance of biological and genetic resources. In: Broekhoven, G., Savenije, H. and von Scheliha, S (eds). Moving forward with forest governance. European Tropical Forest Research Network 53, Tropenbos International, Wageningen, the Netherlands, pp. 46-53.
  • Laird, S., Wynberg, R. and McLain, R. 2011. Regulating complexity: the governance of non-timber forest products. In: Non-timber Forest Products in the Global Context, pp227-253, Edited by Shackleton, S., Shackleton, C. and Shanley, T. Springer. ISBN 978-3-642-17982-2, 285 pp.
  • Wynberg, R. 2010. Navigating a way through regulatory frameworks for Hoodia use, conservation, trade and benefit sharing. In: Laird, S., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London, ISBN 9781844075003.
  • Laird, S., Wynberg, R. and McLain, R. (editors). 2010. The state of NTFP policy and law. In: Laird, S., McLain, R., and Wynberg, R. (editors). Wild Product Governance: Finding Policies that Work for Non-timber Forest Products. Earthscan, London.
  • Wynberg, R., Schroeder, D., and Chennells, R. 2009. Towards best practice for community consent and benefit sharing, In: Wynberg, R., Schroeder, D., and Chennells, R. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit Sharing: Lessons from the San-Hoodia Case. pp. 335-350.
  • Wynberg, R. and Chennells, R. 2009. Green diamonds of the South. A review of the San-Hoodia case. In: Wynberg, R., Chennells, R., and Schroeder, D. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, pp. 89-126.
  • Wynberg, R. and Laird, S. 2009. Bioprospecting, Access and Benefit-Sharing: Revisiting the "Grand Bargain". In: Wynberg, R., Chennells, R., and Schroeder, D. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, pp. 69-89.
  • Wynberg, R. Schroeder, D. and Chennells, R. 2009. Community consent and benefit sharing: the context. In: Wynberg, R., Schroeder, D., and Chennells, R. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit Sharing. Lessons from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, pp. 3-11.
  • Wynberg, R., Schroeder, D., Williams, S. and Vermeylen, S. 2009. Sharing benefits fairly: Decision-making and governance. In: Wynberg, R., Chennells, R., and Schroeder, D. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, pp. 237-257.
  • Wynberg, R. 2009. Policies for sharing benefits from Hoodia. In: Wynberg, R., Chennells, R., and Schroeder, D. (editors). Indigenous Peoples, Consent and Benefit-sharing. Learning from the San-Hoodia Case. Springer, Berlin, pp. 127-141.
  • Wynberg, R. Silveston, J. and Lombard, C. 2009. Value adding in the Southern African Natural Products Sector: How Much do Patents Matter? In: The Economics of Intellectual Property in South Africa. World Intellectual Property Organisation, Geneva, ISBN 978-92-805-1794-1, pp. 18-55.
  • Wynberg, R. and Taylor, M. 2009. Finding a path through the ABS maze: challenges of regulating access and ensuring fair benefit-sharing in South Africa. In: Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and the Law: Solutions for Access and Benefit Sharing. Edited by E. C. Kamau and G. Winter. Earthscan, London, pp. 203-224.
  • Shackleton, S., Shackleton, C., Wynberg, R., Sullivan, C., Leakey, R., Mander, M., McHardy, T., den Adel, S., Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Lombard, C., Laird, S., Cunningham, T. and o'Reagan, D. 2009. Livelihood trade-offs in the commercialisation of multiple-use NTFPs: Lessons from marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in southern Africa. In: Non-Timber Forest Products. Conservation, Management and Policy in the Tropics. Edited by R.U. Shaanker, A.J. Hiremath, G.C. Joseph and N.D. Rai, Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bangalore, India. ISBN 81-902338-1-5, pp. 139-174.
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Access and Benefit Sharing in Practice: Trends in Partnerships across Sectors, Volumes I, II and III. CBD Technical Series 38, Published by the Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. ISBN: 92-9225-089-2, 140 pp.
  • Leakey, R. Tchoundjeu, Z. Schreckenberg, K., Simons, T., Shackleton, S., Mander, M., Wynberg, R., Shackleton, C., and Sullivan, C., 2006, Chapter 2: Trees and markets for agroforestry tree products: Targeting poverty reduction and enhanced livelihoods, In: Garrity, D.P., Okono, A., Grayson, M. and Parrott, S. eds, World Agroforestry into the Future, pp. 11-22, World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • Wynberg, R. 2004. Achieving a fair and sustainable trade in Devil's Claw (Harpagophytum spp.). In: Forest products, livelihoods and conservation: Case studies of non-timber forest product systems. Volume 2 - Africa. Edited by T. Sunderland and O. Ndoye. Centre for International Forestry Research, Indonesia. pp. 53-72.
  • Wynberg, R.P. 2002. Institutional responses to benefit-sharing in South Africa. In: Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. Edited by S. A Laird. Earthscan, London, 60-70.
  • Wynberg, R.P. 2002. Developing a policy on access and benefit-sharing in South Africa: policy research and public participation. In: Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. Edited by S. A Laird. Earthscan, London, pp. 390-391, ISBN 9781853836985.
  • Wynberg, R.P. 2002. Traditional healers and biodiversity prospecting in South Africa: overcoming constraints to meaningful benefit-sharing. In: Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. Edited by S. A Laird. Earthscan, London, pp. 217-218, ISBN 9781853836985.
  • Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R.P. 2002. Institutional policies for biodiversity research: setting standards for conduct, prior informed consent, and benefit sharing. In: Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. Edited by S. A Laird. Earthscan, London, pp. 39-76, ISBN 9781853836985.
  • Kepe, T. and Wynberg, R.P. 2002. No quick fix. Designing agreements to suit complex and diverse social circumstances. In: Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge: Equitable Partnerships in Practice. Earthscan, London, pp. 195-200, ISBN 9781853836985.
  • Wynberg, R. 1999. Environment, sustainability, and economic development in a democratic South Africa. In: The National Question: South Africa between Unity and Diversity. pp. 95-108. Edited by G. Maharaj. Idasa, David Philip Publishers.
  • Davis, G. and Wynberg, R. 1998. Land use conflicts in the Western Cape Region of South Africa. In: Landscape Degradation and Biodiversity in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems. Edited by R. Rundel, G. Montenegro, and F. Jaksic. Ecological Studies, 136, 65-79. Springer Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg.
  • Laird, S.A., and Wynberg, R.P. 1997. Biodiversity prospecting in South Africa: towards the development of equitable partnerships. In: Access to Genetic Resources. Strategies for Sharing Benefits, 143-185. Edited by J. Mugabe, C.V. Barber, G. Henne, L. Glowka, and A. La Vina. African Centre for Technology Studies, World Resources Institute, and the World Conservation Union. Acts Press, Kenya.
  • Wynberg, R. 1993. Exploring the Earth Summit. Findings of the Rio United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Published by Mazda Wildlife Fund, Johannesburg, 135pp.

Journal Articles: In Press

  • Wynberg, R. and Hauck, M. 2014. People, Power and the Coast: A Conceptual Framework for Understanding and Implementing Benefit Sharing. Ecology and Society.

Journal Articles: Published

  • Wynberg, R. and van Niekerk, J. 2013. Global ambitions and local realities. Achieving equity and sustainability in two high-value natural product trade chains. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods.
  • Van Niekerk, J. and Wynberg, R. 2012. The trade in Pelargonium sidoides. Rural livelihood relief or bounty for the bio-bucaneers? Development Southern Africa. 29(4): 530-547.
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, 2012. R. Diversity and change in the commercial use of genetic resources: implications for access and benefit sharing policy. Invited contribution to a special edition of the International Journal of Ecological Economics & Statistics 26(3): 2-15.
  • Shackleton, C.M., Scholes, B.J., Vogel, C., Wynberg, R., Abrahamse, T., Shackleton, S.E., Ellery, F., and Gambiza, J. 2011. The next decade of environmental science in South Africa: a horizon scan, South African Geographical Journal, 93: (1): 1-14
  • Taylor, M. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Regulating access to South Africa's biodiversity and ensuring the fair sharing of benefits from its use. South African Journal of Environmental Law and Policy, 15(2): 217-243.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S. L. 2007. Bioprospecting: Tracking the Policy Debate, Environment 49 (10) (December): 20-32.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Laird, S.L. 2007. Less is often more: governance of a non-timber forest product, marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) in southern Africa. International Forestry Review 9(1): 475-490.
  • Wynberg, R. and Sowman, M. 2007. Environmental sustainability and land reform in South Africa: a neglected dimension. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 50(6): 783-802.
  • Leakey, R., Tchoundjeu, Z., Schreckenberg, K., Simons, T. Shackleton, S. Mander, M. Wynberg, R., Shackleton, C. and Sullivan , C. 2005. Trees and markets for agroforestry tree products: targeting poverty reduction and enhanced livelihoods. World Agroforestry Centre 25th Anniversary Proceedings.
  • Kepe, T., Wynberg, R., and Ellis, W. 2005. Land reform and biodiversity conservation in South Africa: complementary or in conflict? International Journal of Biodiversity Science and Management 1: 3-16.
  • Wynberg, R. 2004. Rhetoric, realism and benefit-sharing-use of traditional knowledge of Hoodia species in the development of an appetite suppressant, World Journal of Intellectual Property 6(7): 851-876.
  • Wynberg, R. 2004. Bioprospecting delivers limited benefits in South Africa. European Intellectual Property Review, June 2004, 26(6):239-243.
  • Wynberg, R.P., Laird, S.A., Shackleton, S., Mander, M., Shackleton, C., du Plessis, P., den Adel, S., Leakey, R.R.B., Botelle, A., Lombard, C., Sullivan, C., Cunningham, T. and O'Regan, S. 2003. Marula commercialisation for sustainable and equitable livelihoods. Forests, Trees and Livelihoods 13(3): 203-215.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. Biotechnology and the commercialisation of biodiversity in Africa. In: International Environmental Law and Policy in Africa. Edited by B. Chaytor and K.G. Gray, Environment & Policy 36: 83-102.
  • Wynberg, R.P., Cribbins, J., Leakey, R., Lombard, C., Mander, M., Shackleton, S., and Sullivan, C. 2002. A summary of knowledge on marula (Sclerocarya birrea subsp. caffra) with emphasis on its importance as a non-timber forest product in South and southern Africa. Part 2: Commercial use, tenure and policy, domestication, intellectual property rights and benefit-sharing. Southern African Forestry Journal 196: 67-77.
  • Wynberg, R.P. 2002. A decade of biodiversity conservation and use in South Africa: tracking progress from the Rio Earth Summit to the Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development. South African Journal of Science 98 May/June: 233-243.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Branch, G.M. 1997. Trampling associated with Bait-collection for Sandprawns (Callianassa kraussi Stebbing): Effects on the Biota of an Intertidal Sandflat. Env. Conserv., 24 (2): 139-148.
  • Wood, C., Wynberg, R., and Raimondo, J. (eds). 1996. Involving People in the Management of Change Towards a Sustainable Future. Proceedings of the 15th Annual IAIA meeting, June 26-30 1995, Durban, South Africa. International Association of Impact Assessment.
  • Wood, C., Wynberg, R. and Urquhart, P. 1996. Highlights of IAIA'95. In : Involving People in the Management of Change Towards a Sustainable Future. Proceedings of the 15th Annual IAIA meeting, June 26-30 1995, Durban, South Africa. Edited by C. Wood, R. Wynberg and J. Raimondo. International Association of Impact Assessment.
  • Preston, G.R., Siegfried, W.R., and Wynberg, R.P. 1995. Attitudes and policies of South African nature conservation departments toward the protection of biological diversity. S. Afr. J. Wildl. Res., 25(3): 77-89.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Branch, G.M. 1994. Disturbance associated with bait-collection for sandprawns (Callianassa kraussi) and mudprawns (Upogebia africana): long-term effects on the biota of intertidal sandflats. J. Mar. Res., 52(3):523-558.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Van Der Lingen, C.D. 1994. The sustainable use of living marine resources in South Africa. In: Proceedings of the Network for Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa Workshop on Indicators of Sustainable Development, May 16-18, Banjul, The Gambia. Annex 14. Published by the Network for Environment and Sustainable Development in Africa, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire. pp. 100-112.
  • Meadows, M., Washington, R., Baxter, A. and Wynberg, R. 1993. Global warming: the importance of the past in understanding the future. S. Afr. Geog. J., 75(2): 41-45.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Branch, G.M. 1992. An assessment of bait-collecting for Callianassa kraussi Stebbing in Langebaan Lagoon, Western Cape, and of associated avian predation. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 11: 141-152.
  • Brown, A.C., Wynberg, R.P., and Harris, S.A. 1991. Ecology of shores of mixed rock and sand in False Bay. Trans. Roy. Soc. S. Afr., 47(4&5): 563-573.
  • Wynberg, R.P., Brown, A.C., and Hole, L. 1990. Inhibition of fertilization in the sea urchin Parechinus angulosus by organic pollutants: correlation with molecular valence connectivity indices. S. Afr. J. Mar. Sci., 8: 313-317.
  • Brown, A.C. and Wynberg, R.P. 1987. Absence of an oxygen debt in the nassariid whelk Bullia digitalis (Dillwyn). J. Moll. Stud., 53: 289 - 290.
  • Wynberg, R.P. and Brown, A.C. 1986. Oxygen consumption of the sandy-beach whelk Bullia digitalis (Dillwyn) at reduced oxygen tensions. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 85A(1): 45-47.

Selected Technical Reports and Discussion Papers

  • Wynberg, R., van Niekerk, J., Kozanayi, W., and Laird, S. 2012. Formalisation and the non-timber forest product sector. Centre for International Forestry Research, Indonesia.
  • van Niekerk, J. and Wynberg, R. 2012. Securing Farmers' Rights and Seed Sovereignty - Case Studies from KwaZulu-Natal. Waterloo, Canada: Africa Initiative, Centre for International Governance Innovation.
  • Department of Environmental Affairs, 2012. South Africa's Bioprospecting, Access and Benefit-Sharing Regulatory Framework. Guidelines for Providers, Users and Regulators. Pretoria, South Africa.
  • Wynberg, R. 2008. Strengthening the Position of Small-Scale Producers and the Rural Poor by Improving their Assets, Enhancing Market Linkages and Creating an Enabling Environment. Southern African Case Study for the Evaluation of the Dutch Biodiversity Fund, Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town.
  • Nott, K. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Indigenous natural products in Namibia. A contribution towards the strategic environmental assessment for implementation of the MCC Compact Agreement between the US and Namibia.
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Access and benefit sharing in practice: trends in partnerships across sectors, Volumes I, II and III. CBD Technical Series 38, Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal.
  • Wynberg, R., Taylor, M., and Laird, S. 2007. Access and Benefit Sharing in South Africa: An Analysis of Legal Frameworks and Agreements. Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town, in collaboration with Cheadle, Thomson & Haysom and People and Plants International. Prepared for the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism on behalf of the Southern African Development Community Biodiversity Support Programme. June, 2007, Report no: 1/07/274.
  • Wynberg, R. 2006. Product Rationale Paper for Fairly Traded Rooibos Tea. Prepared for Fairtrade Labelling Organisations International (FLO). September, 2006.
  • Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R. 2005. The commercial use of biodiversity. An update on current trends in demand for access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing, and industry perspectives on ABS policy and implementation. Prepared for the Convention on Biological Diversity's ad hoc open-ended working group on access and benefit-sharing, Fourth meeting, Granada, Spain, 30 January - 3 February, 2006. UNEP/CBD/WGABS/4/INF/5. December 2005. Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town.
  • Wynberg, R. and Custers, S. 2005. Determining a fair price and equitable benefit for small-scale rooibos tea producers. An analysis of the costing and pricing of small-scale production of organic and fair trade rooibos, and benefit flows along the rooibos value chain. Report prepared for Fair Trade Assistance, Netherlands, October 2005.
  • Wynberg, R. May 2004. Bioprospecting, Access and Benefit-sharing in South Africa: Towards a Strategic Assessment. A paper prepared for the National Botanical Institute as a contribution towards the Southern African Biodiversity Support Programme and National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan.
  • Wynberg, R. 2004. Biodiversity access and benefit-sharing in arid countries and those with low diversity and high endemism. IUCN Environmental Law Centre, Bonn.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. TRIPS and the Convention on Biological Diversity. A briefing paper prepared for the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism in preparation for the World Trade Organisation Ministerial Meeting, Cancun, Mexico.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. A review of benefit-sharing arrangements for biodiversity prospecting in South Africa. In: Developing Access and Benefit-Sharing Legislation in South Africa. A review of international and national experiences. IUCN, Pretoria. pp. 56-80.
  • Shackleton, S.E., Wynberg, R.P., Sullivan, C.A., Shackleton, C.M., Leakey, R.R.B., Mander, M., McHardy, T., den Adel, S., Botelle, A., du Plessis, P., Lombard, C., Laird, S.A., Cunningham, A.B., Combrinck, A. and O'Regan, D.P. 2002. Marula commercialisation for sustainable and equitable livelihoods: Synthesis of a southern African case study. 51pp.
  • Wynberg, R., Laird, S., Botha, J., den Adel, S. and McHardy, T. 2002. Policy Issues with Regard to the Management, Use and Commercialisation of Marula. DFID report. 62pp.
  • Wynberg, R. 2002. Study on the Rooibos and Honeybush Industries in South Africa for the Identification of Target Groups which should Benefit from Fair Trade. Report prepared for Fair Trade Assistance. November 2002. Project number: 02/062/FO (FTF-UK 2002) 22/5/2002.
  • Sowman, M. and Wynberg, R. 2002. Safeguarding South Africa's Environmental Wealth. Prepared as a contribution towards South Africa's Human Development Report, UNDP.
  • Wynberg, R. 2001. A review of key issues facing the management of marine and coastal systems and resources in South Africa. Unpublished paper prepared for the Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Pretoria.
  • Brownlie, S. and Wynberg, R. 2001. The Integration of Biodiversity into Environmental Assessment Procedures: A South African Case Study. Prepared for the Biodiversity Planning Support Programme of the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme.
  • Grundy, I. and Wynberg, R. 2001. Integration of Biodiversity into National Forest Planning Programmes. The Case of South Africa. Prepared for the Biodiversity Planning Support Programme of the United Nations Development Programme and the United Nations Environment Programme.
  • Wynberg, R. 2000. Privatising the means for survival: The commercialisation of Africa's biodiversity. Global Trade and Biodiversity in Conflict, Issue No. 5. May 2000. Published by GRAIN International and the Gaia Foundation.
  • Wynberg, R. 2000. International and national policies concerning marine and coastal biodiversity. In: Marine Biodiversity Status Report for South Africa. Summary. Edited by B.D. Durham and J.C. Pauw. Published by the National Research Foundation, Pretoria. pp. 84-89.
  • Wynberg, R. and Swiderska, K. 2000. South Africa's Experience in Developing a Policy on Biodiversity, Access to Genetic Resources and Benefit Sharing. Prepared as a case study for the IIED Project on "Participation in Policies on Access to Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge". International Institute for Environment and Development.
  • Wynberg, R. and Kepe, T. 1999. Land reform and conservation areas in South Africa. Towards a mutually beneficial approach. IUCN, South Africa.
  • Downes, D.R. and Laird, S. Contributions by J. Casey, G. Dutfield, T.D. Mays and R. Wynberg. 1998. Innovative Mechanisms for Sharing Benefits of Biodiversity and Related Knowledge. Case studies on geographical indications, trademarks and databases. Prepared for UNCTAD Biotrade Initiative. Research and contributions on Rooibos tea.
  • Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism. July 1997. White Paper on the conservation and sustainable use of South Africa's biological diversity. Government Gazette, Vol. 385, No. 18163. Drafter of policy document.
  • Wynberg, R. 1997. Future options and roles for the National Botanical Institute in Biodiversity Prospecting. Report commissioned by the National Botanical Institute, for submission to its Board.
  • Hughes, J. and Wynberg, R. 1997. Perceptions amongst academics at the University of Cape Town of the need, roles and management of the proposed Centre for the Environment. Co-author of document.
  • Davis, G. and Wynberg, R. 1996. Indigenous Plant Resources in South Africa: Towards an appropriate policy framework for sustainable use. Research paper produced for the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre.
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. April 1996. Biodiversity prospecting in South Africa: Towards the development of equitable partnerships. Published by the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre, Johannesburg.
  • Land and Agriculture Policy Centre, Department of Environmental Affairs and Tourism, Rachel Wynberg and Associates. 1996. The creation of conditions and incentives that support the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity. Proceedings of a workshop held in Cape Town, 5 August 1996.
  • Wynberg, R. 1995. Proposals for a process to monitor the environmental impacts arising from the implementation of the Land Reform Programme. Commissioned by the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre.
  • Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ). 1995. Report on an Appraisal Mission for the People and Parks "Transform" project. Project initiated by the Minister of Land Affairs and the German Government to investigate conservation and tourism in the context of land reform.
  • Wynberg, R. 1995. Participation in the Global Biodiversity Forum and in the Second Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. November 4-17 1995, Jakarta, Indonesia. Project Reports Submitted to the World Wide Fund for Nature and to the Foundation for Research Development. EEU Report Numbers: 14/95/146 a, b.
  • Wynberg, R. 1994. The Protection, Use and Management of Biological Diversity in South Africa. Briefing Paper to the Environmental Policy Mission of the African National Congress, South African Communist Party, Congress for South African Trade Unions, South African National Civics Organisation and International Development Research Centre.
  • Fuggle, R.F., Siegfried, W.R., Raimondo, J., Lane, S., Wynberg, R. and Cosijn, M. 1994. Policy for Multipurpose Use of the Cape Peninsula. Co-author, compiler and editor of report. Work commissioned by the Management Advisory Committee of the Cape Peninsula Protected Natural Environment on behalf of the then Administrator of the Cape.
  • Wynberg, R., Hughes, J., Baas, A., Bell, S., Sharp, J., Hanks, K., and M. Myanti. 1994. Policy Options for Optimising the Use of Natural Resources in the Citrusdal Zone, Western Cape Province. Co-author, compiler and editor of report. EEU Report No. 15/94/126. Work commissioned by the Land and Agriculture Policy Centre.
  • Preston, G., Siegfried, W.R. and Wynberg, R.P. 1993. Attitudes and Policies of the Directors of South African Nature Conservation Departments Toward the Protection of Biological Diversity.

Popular Publications and Policy Briefs

  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. 2013. Bioscience at a Crossroads. Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing in a time of scientific, technological and industry change. The botanicals sector. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal
  • Wynberg, R. and Laird, S. 2013. Bioscience at a Crossroads. Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing in a time of scientific, technological and industry change. The cosmetics sector. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal
  • Wynberg, R. 2013. Bioscience at a Crossroads. Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing in a time of scientific, technological and industry change. The agricultural sector. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal
  • Wynberg, R. 2013. Bioscience at a Crossroads. Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing in a time of scientific, technological and industry change. The food sector. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. 2012., Bioscience at a Crossroads. Implementing the Nagoya Protocol on access and benefit sharing in a time of scientific, technological and industry change. Overview brief. Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity, Montreal, 15pp.
  • Wynberg, R., van Niekerk, J., Williams, R., and Mkhaliphi, L., 2012. Policy Brief. Securing Farmers' Rights and Seed Sovereignty in South Africa. Biowatch South Africa and the Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town.
  • Wynberg, R., Hauck, M., Mbatha, P. and Raemaekers, S. 2011. Sharing benefits from the coast in South Africa. Policy brief. EEU, University of Cape Town, WIOMSA and SIDA.
  • Hauck, M., Wynberg, R., and Pereira, M. 2011. Sharing Benefits from the Coast: tourism and links to small-scale fisheries in Mozambique. Policy brief. EEU, University of Cape Town, WIOMSA and SIDA.
  • Laird, S.A., Wynberg, R. and McLain, R.J. 2009. Wild Product Governance: laws and policies for sustainable and equitable non-timber forest product use. Policy Brief. A collaboration of United Nations University, Centre for International Forestry Research, People and Plants International, Environmental Evaluation Unit, University of Cape Town, and the Institute for Culture and Ecology.
  • Laird, S. and Wynberg, R. 2008. Bioprospecting: securing a piece of the pie. World Conservation January 2008, 28-29.
  • University of Central Lancashire, EEU, University of Cape Town, and Working Group for Indigenous Minorities in Southern Africa. 2008. Policy brief. San-!Khoba: Prior Informed Consent and Benefit Sharing in the Hoodia Case.
  • Laird, S., Johnston, S. and Wynberg, R. 2007. An international dialogue for informing access and benefit sharing. Business 2010 Newsletter 2(5). In press.
  • Wynberg, R. 2005. Bioprospecting, access and benefit-sharing. In: Commercialising Medicinal Plants. A Southern African Guide. Ed. N. Diederichs. SUN Press, Stellenbosch.
  • Diederichs, N. Feiter, U. and Wynberg, R. 2005. Production of traditional medicines: technologies, standards and regulatory issues. In: Commercialising Medicinal Plants. A Southern African Guide. Ed. N. Diederichs. SUN Press, Stellenbosch.
  • Wynberg, R. 2005. Biodiversity prospecting, access and benefit sharing. In: Southern African Trade Directory of Indigenous Products. Eds, M. Mander and M. McKenzie, Commercial Products from the Wild Group, Stellenbosch. Pp. 23-28.
  • Wynberg, R. 2005. Laws and standards. In: Southern African Trade Directory of Indigenous Products. Eds, M. Mander and M. McKenzie, Commercial Products from the Wild Group, Stellenbosch. Pp. 29-32.
  • Wynberg, R. 2005. High price of access to information. Mail & Guardian, 4-10 March, 2005. Biowatch South Africa, 2005. Biowatch South Africa review 2000-2004 (editor).
  • Wynberg, R. 2004. Devil's claw medicinal root. In: Riches of the forest: for health, life and spirit in Africa. Edited by C. Lopez and P. Shanley. CIFOR, Indonesia.
  • Pschorn-Strauss, E., and Wynberg, R. 2004. Six reasons why Africa is concerned about genetically engineered crops. Biowatch South Africa, Cape Town.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. Chasing a pipedream. Bioprospecting and Benefit-sharing in South Africa. Southern African Ethnobotany. Newsletter of the Indigenous Plant Use Forum Vol 1(1), May 2003.
  • Laird, S.A. and Wynberg, R. 2003. Biodiversity Prospecting, Access and Benefit-Sharing: An Introductory Primer. IUCN South Africa, Pretoria
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. Lacklustre Biodiversity Laws offer Cold Comfort to Conservation. African Wildlife, 57(2), 36-37.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. Sharing the Crumbs with the San. Mail & Guardian, April 4-10 2003.
  • Wynberg, R. 2003. Biodiversity Law Misses the Mark. Mail & Guardian, January 31 - February 6, 2003.
  • Wynberg, R. 2002. Drugs from the Desert. Spreading the Benefits from Bioprospecting. African Wildlife, Volume 56(2), 17-18.
  • Pschorn-Strauss, E. and Wynberg, R. 2002. Genetic Engineering in Food and Farming. Booklet 4 of 5 South African People and Environments in the Global Market. Published by GroundWork and Biowatch South Africa.
  • Wynberg, R. and Schutze, E. 2001. Muti up for Grabs. Land and Rural Digest, No. 17, March/April 2001, 12-13.
  • Wynberg, R. 2001. High Risks and Dubious Benefits. The Case Against the Introduction of GMOs. African Wildlife, Volume 55(2): 9-11.
  • Wynberg, R. 2000. Land reform and conservation in South Africa. CM News. Newsletter of the IUCN Collaborative Management Working Group, No. 4, September 2000, p.17.
  • Wynberg, R. 1999. Rolling in Genepools of Money. Mail & Guardian, August 1999.
  • Wynberg, R. 1999. Scramble for the Riches of the Earth. Land & Rural Digest, September/October, No. 8.
  • Wynberg, R. 1998. Biodiversity Convention Update. Environmental Justice Networker, 18: 28-29.
  • Wynberg, R. 1998. Square Pegs and Round Holes. Intellectual Property, Traditional Knowledge, and WIPO's Fact-Finding Mission in South Africa. BIO-IPR October 1998. Bio-ipr@cuenet.com.
  • Wynberg, R. 1998. Indigenous Knowledge Under Threat. Mail & Guardian, December 18-23 1998.
  • Wynberg, R. and Laird, S. 1997. The Scramble for Genes. Biodiversity Prospecting in South Africa. Africa Env.Wildlife, 5(3): 53-61.
  • Wynberg, R. 1996. Holomisa announces South Africa's ratification of the global Convention on Biological Diversity. Environmental Justice Networker, 8: 24-25.
  • Wynberg. R. 1995. Biodiversity - A Precious Asset. Africa Env. Wildlife, 3 (1-6). A series of six articles concerning the importance of biodiversity, used to advertise Standard Bank. Themes included biotechnology, ecotourism, traditional medicines, trade and food.
  • Wynberg, R.P. 1995. Biodiversity for All. Africa Env. Wildlife, 3(2): 33-39.
  • Wynberg, R. 1992. UNCED Unsaid? The United Nations Conference on Environment and Development. Bull. S. Afr. Instit. Ecol., 11(1): 12-16.